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The fall (Der Untergang) is a historical fiction by Oliver Hirschbiegel released in 2004, which chronicles the unfolding of the last days of Adolf Hitler, who took refuge in his underground bunker in the Chancellery. The film adopts the point of view of one of the Führer's secretaries: Traudl Junge, a young Bavarian totally fascinated by the leader of the Third Reich (brilliantly played by Swiss actor Bruno Ganz). In addition to the latter's memories, the director also relied on the work by Joachim Fest The Last Days of Hitler ...
The impeccable performance of Bruno Ganz
The film, which was intended primarily for a German audience, throws a harsh and disenchanted light on the Nazi Göttderdämmerung (Twilight of the Gods). We discover a exhausted and hallucinated Hitler (played by the impressive Bruno Ganz), torn between his hard-hitting rhetoric and his awareness of living his last days, with Eva Braun.
The evocation of the morbid daily life of the Bunker is also an opportunity to meet the great figures of the Third Reich, whether it is a Himmler trying to save his skin by negotiating with the allies (sic.), A Speer who seems to have come back from his National Socialist illusions or from a fanatic and loyal Goebbels until death to his Führer in April 1945.
As for the personal destiny of Traudl Junge, it represents that of a Germany as awakened from a nightmare and which discovers in this beautiful month of May 1945 that the old order has collapsed forever.
The Fall, criticized in Germany
A careful reconstruction, served by a fair set of actors, the Fall has nonetheless been the subject of intense criticism, especially in Germany. Thus one could reproach Oliver Hrischbiegel for not having had a real concern for completeness, in particular by having very little addressed the question of Nazi crimes against humanity. On the other hand, having shown Hitler in his daily life may have been seen by some as an attempt to humanize the Nazi leader.
In any event, this film is without a doubt an important and quality film about the agony of the Third Reich. Arte also aired a documentary, "Dear Uncle Adolf", which evokes the 100,000 messages sent to Hitler by German citizens, recently rediscovered in the caves of the Moscow Special Archives, and which reveal the daily and intimate life of the nation between the seizure of power and the fall of Hitler.
The fall, film by Oliver Hirschbiegel, available inDVD.